ATOD Research Team
Community ATOD Research Team Partner Americans for Nonsmokers' Rights Foundation The ImpacTeen ATOD Research Team is identifying and tracking drug control policies and programs at the state level for all 50 United States and the District of Columbia to evaluate their effectiveness in reducing mortality, morbidity, and psychosocial roblems associated with substance use and abuse.
Directing this component of the project is Frank J. Chaloupka, PhD, (UIC). Other core members of the ImpacTeen Community ATOD Research Team are Dianne Barker, MHS (Barker Bi-Coastal Health), Pamela I. Clark, PhD (Battelle), Jaana Myllyluoma, PhD (Batelle), Henry Saffer, PhD (NBER), Anna Sandoval, MPH (UIC), Sandy Slater, PhD (UIC), Yvonne Terry-McElrath, MSA (UM)).
FRANK J. CHALOUPKA, PhD (UIC)
ImpacTeen Community ATOD Research Team Director
Dr. Chaloupka is a professor of economics in the department of economics at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Business Administration. He is also a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research Health Economics Program. He received his doctorate in economics from the City University of New York Graduate School in 1988. Dr. Chaloupka's research focuses on the economic analysis of substance use and abuse, primarily among youth and young adults. He has conducted extensive research on the effects of prices and substance control policies on the demands for tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugs, and on related outcomes. Dr. Chaloupka has published over 25 articles in such journals as the Journal of Political Economy, American Economic Review, Journal of Health Economics, Economic Inquiry, Eastern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Journal, and Contemporary Economic Policy; and numerous book chapters and working papers.
DIANE C. BARKER, MHS (Barker BiCoastal Health Consultants)
Dianne C. Barker, M.H.S, runs a consulting firm based in Los Angeles, and serves as a principal investigator on several research and evaluation projects administered by the Public Health Institute in Oakland, CA. The consulting firm, Barker Bi-Coastal Health Consultants, Inc. (BBHC), specializes in developing and reviewing program initiatives, designing evaluations, and conducting survey research for public health philanthropies, community-based organizations, and government agencies. Prior to establishing BBHC in 1996, Ms. Barker spent seven years in philanthropy, overseeing health services research, program evaluations and public health grantmaking. During her tenure at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF), she was responsible for overseeing several public health-related evaluations, as well as co-developing the first RWJF program addressing nicotine treatment, the Smoke-Free Families program, the initial State Medicaid Survey, and the first RWJF program to link environmental and behavioral data, the Bridging the Gap Initiative. Under her leadership as the co-chair of the National Partnership to Help Pregnant Smokers Quit Policy Working Group, the National Partnership has produced the Medicaid Tool Kits for national and state decision-makers. As co-principal investigator of the National Youth Smoking Cessation Survey funded by RWJF, NCI and CDC, Ms. Barker's recent research examines the effect of environmental and policy factors on quitting behavior among older adolescents and young adults. In September, 2006, Ms. Barker received a Substance Abuse Policy Research Program Grant to investigate the impact of smoke-free air policies on young smokers' demand for, and use of smoking cessation treatments.
PAMELA I. CLARK, PhD (Battelle)
Dr. Clark is a senior health research scientist at Battelle Centers for Public Health Research and Evaluation. She earned her doctorate in epidemiology at the University of South Florida. Prior to joining Battelle, she became an associate professor while teaching at medical schools in Florida and Ohio. Dr. Clark is a leading expert in community approaches to the prevention of youth risk behaviors, particularly in tobacco initiation, maintenance, and cessation by youth. She is now doing formative research on the role of social sources, such as friends, parents, other relatives, and strangers in the provision of tobacco, alcohol and other drugs to children, and is investigating the tobacco retail environment from supply-side and demand-side perspectives. Dr. Clark is the coauthor of two medical textbooks, has contributed chapters to three others, and has published more than 80 papers in medical and public health literature.
JAANA MYLLYLUOMA, PhD (Battelle)
Dr. Myllyluoma is the director of the Baltimore Site Operations for Battelle CPHRE and directs the community data collection efforts for the ImpacTeen project. She earned a master of arts degree in demography from Georgetown University in 1980 and her doctorate in population dynamics from the Johns Hopkins University in 1988. In addition to directing large scale survey operations projects, Dr. Myllyluoma has conducted extensive research on minors' access to tobacco, including compliance checks on the sale of tobacco to underage youth. Her expertise includes the design and implementation of community level data collection from key informants and by observation. She is currently advising the FDA tobacco program on the use of commercial lists of businesses to identify tobacco retailers.
HENRY SAFFER, PhD (NBER)
Dr. Saffer is a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research in New York and professor of economics at Kean University in New Jersey. He received his doctorate in economics from the City University of New York in 1977. His research focuses on international and US studies of the effects of advertising on alcohol and cigarette demand. Dr. Saffer is currently studying criminal justice expenditures, public health spending, price and demographics on the demand for illicit drugs. In addition, he has conducted research on the price responsiveness of illicit drugs and the effectiveness of clean indoor air laws. He has published numerous papers on public policy and substance abuse, including the effects of alcohol advertising and advertising bans, alcohol pricing and taxation, the minimum legal drinking age and drunk driving. He has been principle investigator on several grants from National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institute of Cancer, National Institute on Drug Abuse, J.M. Foundation, and The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.
ANNA SANDOVAL, MPH (UIC)
Anna Sandoval is a research specialist for ImpacTeen. She received her master of public health degree from the University of Illinois at Chicago in 1999. She has worked extensively on the ImpacTeen project overseeing community field data collection, including defining ImpacTeen communities, identifying local jurisdictions, and managing community information databases. Ms. Sandoval has worked on the ImpacTeen SmokeLess States Evaluation project coordinating and analyzing the legislative database. She has worked with the Centers for Disease Control Prevention Centers Tobacco Network and the State and Community Partnerships as project coordinator. Currently, Ms. Sandoval is working on the Food and Fitness project overseeing survey data collection and analyzing school district policies. Her research interests include youth ATOD, health education and promotion, health policy, and obesity and physical activity.
SANDY SLATER, PhD (UIC)
Sandy Slater, PhD, Senior Research Specialist at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), is a health policy analyst whose research focuses on the impact of state and local policies, and other environmental factors on health behavior. Since joining UIC, Dr. Slater has examined state and local policies, socioeconomic, geographic and store type variation in tobacco and alcohol retail marketing strategies and their association to youth smoking and drinking attitudes, beliefs, and behavior. More recently, Dr. Slater is investigating the impact of socioeconomic and other environmental factors on physical activity and obesity. Specifically, she conducts research aimed at understanding factors in the environment that provide opportunities, and those that constrain, the ability for individuals to be physically active. Her research has included examining the relationship between the availability of outdoor physical activity-related settings and commercial physical activity-related outlets on race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status, as well as on youth physical activity behavior and overweight. Her National Institutes of Health-funded research examines the importance of school and community physical activity settings and opportunities on youth physical activity levels, overweight and obesity. She also developed a guide that inventories existing obesity-related data sources, identifies what factors are currently being measured, and what is missing from existing sources to determine what measures should be developed for future research.
YVONNE TERRY-MCELRATH, MSA (UM)
received her master's of science degree in not-for-profit administration
from the University of Notre Dame in 1999, and has focused on sociology
and public health research since that time. Her research and publication
experience has focused on trends and correlates of tobacco and illicit
drug use in adolescent populations, state and federal drug policy, public
health media efforts, drug treatment provision within juvenile justice
populations, the drug-crime cycle and HIV/AIDS prevention services among